Dan Browns The Da Vinci Code has topped bestseller lists, entertained millions of readers, and inspired a major film as well as a host of books investigating whether the novels claims about history, art, mathematics, the Catholic Church, and Jesus Christ are true.
Not everyone, however, is a fan of the book. The Catholic Church has asked its followers to boycott the movie released last week, and evangelical groups are torn between supporting the boycott and using the films release as a teaching moment to expound their own version of the truth.
But do Christians really have anything to fear from The Da Vinci Code? It is true that the novels characters make assertions that challenge much conventional wisdom about Christian history and raise difficult issues for believers.
But anyone who loses his or her faith by reading The Da Vinci Code, or any single book needed a stronger foundation for his or her beliefs to begin with. There is nothing in Christianity which is original, one character sneers. But the same could be said about the religious and historical speculations in the novel. Practically all of the theories expounded by the books characters have been around for some time, and the books most challenging assertions about history are familiar territory for students of theology and comparative religion.
For example, the novel is filled with assertions about the ubiquitous presence of pagan symbolism in Christian belief and practice. To the best of my knowledge, most of these claims are trueand while they can be uncomfortable for a believer to think about, they are basic facts that have been recognized and dealt with by countless theologians and apologists. One common idea is that such symbols were used as a bridge from paganism to Christianity to aid the conversion process; another is that the common symbols are attempts to highlight a greater truth larger than any single religious tradition.
A second issue that the novel raises for believers is the reminder of how the books of the Bible were selectednot by any single individual, but over time by the decrees and votes of a number of scholars, translators, and councillors. The story of how the Bible came to take its various present shapes is fascinating, but it poses problems for the minority of Christians who accept the Bible word-for-word as literally true and completeas arrived by fax from heaven, as a character in The Da Vinci Code says. It poses no such problems to most modern Christian thinkers, who understand the crucial role of metaphor in the ancient texts and are willing to focus on the essential continuities of the texts rather than their contradictions.
A third challenging issue commonly referred to in the book is the often brutal and repressive history of the Catholic Church. Until very recently, the Vatican was as much a political power player as any state or party, contending for influence not only in the spiritual realm of human affairs but also in the material and political realms. This, too, is not crazy blaspheme that originated with The Da Vinci Codeit is right out there, clear as day, in any European history book.
It is worth remembering, though, that our modern idea of church-state separation is relatively very new. Also, those who point accusing fingers at modern Catholics for the past sins of their Church should ask themselves whether any similar human institution or ideology would have fared significantly better. Throughout history and today, in every time and place, there have been countless Protestant, Muslim, and secular groups that have tried to monopolize truth. It is a nasty habit common to all humanity, not just to the Vatican.
It is a bit embarrassing to see groups that claim to be the guardians of eternal, timeless truths prominently scrambling to suppress the popularity of a three-year-old thriller novel. If the fundamentals of Christian doctrine are true, then Christians should have no fear of discussing their faith and objections to it in the public and academic arenas. Other claimants to truthphilosophers, writers, and scientistshave to do so on a regular basis.
If the tough questions are openly examined and discussed, the truth ought to prevail without the help of boycotts, political intervention, or force. As Saint Paul advises us: Test all things, hold fast what is good (1 Thessalonians 5:21).
The Christian faith has survived a great many tests over the centuries, and it is hard to believe that a popular novel poses any threat to its survival; if anything, it is the shameful response of some Christian groups to anything that looks like a challenge that makes the church lose credibility in the eyes of the public.